Brain aneurysm, what is it?
An aneurysm in the brain is a weak point that arises in a blood vessel in the brain and for this reason it is also called a cerebral aneurysm, this point turns over time to a source of bleeding in the brain, which causes very severe pain in the head in the form of a headache that carries its owner to the nearest doctor of the severity of the pain , This problem is serious and needs a quick solution because it may lead to a stroke.
What are the types of brain aneurysms?
There are three types of aneurysms:
1 - a ruptured aneurysm: It is the most dangerous condition among the three cases, it can lead the patient to a stroke
Symptoms of a ruptured brain aneurysm:
Very severe headaches, as mentioned earlier, in addition to paresthesia, weakness, nausea, loss of consciousness, loss of ability to concentrate, blurred vision, and epileptic seizures.
2- Aneurysms that are not ruptured: in which the patient suffers from blood pooling only without leaving the blood vessels.
Symptoms of an unearthed aneurysm are dilated pupils, visual disturbances, pain above one eye and numbness in part of the face.
3- Leakage aneurysm: In this case, a small amount of blood comes out and puts pressure on the brain, which is less dangerous than a ruptured aneurysm.
The symptoms of leakage aneurysm are a very severe headache, and the problem with this type is that if the blood vessel ruptures, the rupture will be severe.
How is aneurysm treated?
Aneurysm is treated in a way that does not use a craniotomy or open the skull, as this problem can be solved without affecting the brain at all, as this method depends on solving the problem through the blood vessels themselves
Doctors also resort to other methods, and the doctor depends on the data for each patient, as it depends on the condition and location of the affected blood vessel.
What are the symptoms of aneurysm that warrant a visit to the doctor?
In the event that any of the symptoms mentioned above appear, then you need to contact the doctor to find out the problem causing these symptoms, and it is sufficient for the sudden onset of severe headaches as a basic symptom that calls for a visit to the doctor and an emergency request.
What are the causes of cerebral aneurysm?
There may not be clear reasons for the emergence of this disease, but there are many factors that cause the disease, including:
2- Drink alcohol excessively.
3- Drug abuse.
4- Old age.
5- Blood pressure disease.
What are the complications of a cerebral aneurysm?
When an aneurysm occurs and a blood vessel ruptures in the brain, the bleeding occurs for a few seconds, but it damages many important brain cells surrounding the bleeding area, and it also causes pressure on the skull.
In the event that this problem is not dealt with, the following may happen:
1- The bleeding recurs again, which leads to the loss of more brain cells and more pressure on the skull.
2- Narrowing of blood vessels, and this leads to damage to more brain cells.
3- Hydrocephalus, meaning that the blood resulting from a rupture of a blood vessel may impede the movement of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord, causing more pressure on the brain and killing more brain cells.
4- Decreased level of sodium in the blood, as a result of damage to an area at the base of the brain called the hypothalamus, and this leads to permanent loss of brain cells.
How is cerebral aneurysm disease diagnosed?
When the patient experiences sudden severe headache, vision disturbances, or pain behind the eye, and his resort to medical centers and hospitals, doctors examine the patient's condition and evaluate it to understand whether or not he suffers from aneurysm and internal bleeding through some tests, and these tests are as follows:
1- A CT scan using x-rays, to confirm the occurrence of cerebral hemorrhage or not, and it is a two-dimensional image and is considered the first test to diagnose the patient's condition.
2- The use of magnetic resonance imaging, known as MRI, and this type of imaging helps to obtain a three-dimensional image of the brain with great clarity.
3- Cerebrospinal fluid test, this method is used to ensure the presence of blood cells inside the cerebrospinal fluid as a result of a rupture of a blood vessel, and in this way it is ascertained whether or not bleeding has occurred.
4- The catheter or the image of the cerebral artery, through which the patient is injected with a dye that reaches the brain. The doctor also inserts a tube into the patient’s artery to examine the patient’s condition and find out the problems in the vessels of the brain.
In the end, if you suffer from one of the symptoms of aneurysm in the brain, we recommend that you go to the nearest clinics and medical centers around you to obtain medical advice, and in case you have the opportunity, we are pleased to receive you in our centers in Istanbul to provide advice and optimal treatment and help you overcome this medical problem , We hope you are safe.
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