Brain tumors and brain cancer:
Brain tumors, what are they?
It means the abnormal proliferation of cells in the brain due to a problem at the genetic level in the cell, and it is of two types, either a benign tumor or a malignant tumor, and a benign tumor is defined as a tumor that a person may develop and coexist with without the need to remove it, as for the malignant tumor it differs. Because of the speed of its growth and its effect on the patient through the symptoms that appear on the patient, which is known as brain cancer.
How do brain tumors arise?
A brain tumor arises either by the brain cells themselves and then grows, or through the membranes surrounding the brain and thus by pressing on the brain, or they are metastatic tumors that arise somewhere in the body and then move to the brain.
And some types of viruses are considered the cause of the emergence of cancer, in addition to the person being exposed to radiation for the purpose of treatment at a young age, and it can also result from genetic and hereditary causes.
What are the symptoms of brain cancer or brain tumors?
Brain tumors or brain cancer may not present with any symptoms at all, but they may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
1- Headache, usually in the morning period.
2- Nausea and vomiting.
3- Epileptic seizures are also one of the symptoms experienced by people with brain tumors.
4- Visual disturbance or double vision.
5- Hearing disturbance
6- Disturbance in behavior.
7- Weakness in the limbs, such as the hand or the foot.
8- Loss of sensation.
9- Loss of balance.
These symptoms differ from person to person, according to the location of the tumor in the brain.
How is the treatment of brain tumors and brain cancer?
In the last ten years, great developments have taken place in this matter, as science has advanced greatly and produced many treatment methods, including:
1- Laser: The laser is involved in the procedure of removing brain tumors, where the laser is used to reach a specific area in the tumor and then cauterize it, which leads to controlling the situation. It should also be noted that this type of operation can be performed on cases of epilepsy and is treated Epileptiformis through it
2- Conducting the operation through local anesthesia for the patient using special tools, where the medical team conducts the operation through simulation and stimulation of certain points in the cerebral cortex, and this is done especially if the operation is in sensitive areas of the brain such as auditory or visual areas. Touching a point in the brain shows the doctors that a tumor cannot be removed from this point surgically.
3- Laparoscopic surgery: It is a surgery that appeared in 2005 and then undergone a great development, and a large part of brain tumors have been removed through the endoscopy through the nose, and this operation is distinguished by that it provided the possibility of removing tumors located at the base of the skull that cannot be removed.
4- In some cases, there are very fast ways to treat tumors, through certain techniques the tumor is removed permanently and in only one day, and immediately after the operation the patient returns to his normal life, but this is due to the type of tumor of course.
Common mistakes about brain tumors and brain cancer:
One of the common mistakes among people is that brain cancer or benign brain tumors even result from trauma to the head or a traffic accident, or through foods and foods, hot water, or because of phones and smoking, which are not scientifically proven yet as a cause of Having brain cancer, or recent brain tumors.
Can a benign tumor turn into a malignant tumor?
Unfortunately, this is possible, but praise be to God, this matter is very rare, as the benign tumor maintains its nature and is often bypassed and left without removal, unless the location of this tumor is in areas that affect the body, in which case the doctor may find it necessary to remove the tumor.
Can the tumor return to the patient after it is removed?
Unfortunately, this is possible, yes, but this differs depending on the degree of the existing tumor that was removed, and the rate of tumor recurrence ranges between 20% and 80%, depending on the degree of the tumor.
What are the degrees of a brain tumor?
The grades of cancer are divided into four degrees, and the first and second grades are simple degrees, as they are less malignant than the next degrees, and they can be considered benign tumors, while the third and fourth grades are advanced tumor grades and when these degrees are reached, the treatment becomes more complex.
In the end, the case must be evaluated by the doctor, and the patient must know that the problem of this disease is decreasing day by day and no longer with the danger it was in the past, but at the same time the patient must show a response to the doctor and adhere to the treatment plan presented to him by his doctor. Totally .
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