Colon cancer is a type of cancer and it is called colon cancer, which affects the colon in the human body, as the colon is present in the digestive system from the last part of the large intestine, and colon cancer begins in the form of a small mass consisting of non-cancerous cells (benign) and After a period of time it turns into colon cancer, and it is very possible upon early examination and detection that it be treated in the first stage after making sure that it is in the first stage, which is the formation of non-cancerous cells, that is, it turns from a benign cancerous disease to a malignant cancer called colon cancer disease, and It usually affects people over the age of fifty.
Colon cancer is diagnosed through blood tests to find out the cause and include the following:
(Whole blood cells, organ function tests, and by colonoscopy, and x-rays)
What are the main symptoms of colon cancer?
1- Vomiting frequently.
2- The patient's complexion and face becomes very pale.
3- Swelling and pain in the abdomen with colic, which is the most susceptible and most important symptom of colon cancer.
4- Weakness in the patient’s body in general and weakness.
5- There is a change in bowel movement in a patient with colon cancer.
6- Diarrhea or constipation.
7- Excess body waste (blood and mucus).
8- Inability to pass stool or wind.
What is the difference between symptoms of irritable bowel disease and symptoms of colon cancer?
Any patient who should be diagnosed with Irritable Bowel Syndrome must ensure that there are no symptoms and conditions that include:
(Blood in the stool, weight loss, anemia upon examination if any, hereditary, and unusual excretion of faeces)
Any patient with one of these signs must be confirmed and diagnosed in the event of colon cancer, and a colonoscopy must be performed before starting treatment or confirming the case.
Symptoms of colon cancer in women be?
In fact, the symptoms of colon cancer in women do not appear early, but nevertheless we mention:
1- A change in the nature of excretion (constipation or diarrhea, a significant change in the consistency of the stool).
2- Persistent stomach discomfort (gas and cramps).
3- Feeling that the digestive system does not empty when defecating.
4- Fatigue and weight loss.
And these symptoms that we mentioned do not differ much from the symptoms of colon cancer in general, but in women they do not appear early and affect patients who have obesity, and people with diabetes.
What are the causes of colon cancer?
In fact, doctors did not arrive at a certain or specialized reason in the causes of colon cancer, but they considered it an irregular proliferation of normal colon cells that lead to the formation of a cancerous tumor, but there are some factors and reasons that increase the chances of developing colon cancer, which are:
1- Older age (most of the sufferers are over the age of 50 years) by a rate ranging from 80 to 90 percent.
2- Family history (hereditary).
3- Chronic or recurring inflammations of the intestine.
4- Eating too much meals that contain fat and reducing meals that contain fiber.
6- Lack of exercise.
7- Abuse of alcohol and smoke a lot.
8- Genetic syndromes that increase the cause of colon cancer.
Stages of colon cancer?
1- The tumor forms with cells in the mucous membrane lining the colon, and this stage has no symptoms.
2- Adhere to the colon wall (muscles).
3- Exit from the colon wall and reach and reach the lymph nodes.
4- The spread of the tumor with other members of the body and adherence to it, such as in women (the ovaries) or with the gallbladder.
What are the methods of treating colon cancer?
The treatment of colon cancer disease depends on the treatment according to the stage it reached, which is determined by the specialist doctor and the options available for treatment.
In the beginning we will talk about surgery: by removing the entire colon based on the stage of the patient in colon cancer or only part of the colon is sufficient.
And secondly in the methods of treating colon cancer is chemotherapy: as it is a medicine and drug used to kill cancer cells and usually after surgery to relieve the symptoms of colon cancer and tumor growth, and in cases of rectal cancer, chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy is sufficient.
And third in the treatment of colon cancer is radiotherapy: It is the use of effective energy sources such as X-rays to destroy the remaining cancer cells after surgery or to reduce the size of the tumor to make it easier to remove them surgically.
And it is rare to use radiation therapy in the early stages of colon cancer, but it is used in special cases, and we have mentioned it previously with chemotherapy in cases of rectal cancer.
Fourth is targeted drug therapy: they are available drugs for advanced cases of cancer.
How to prevent colon cancer?
To prevent colon cancer, there are some tips that must be followed, including:
1- Early examination after the age of fifty years.
2- A change in the routine of life to reduce risk factors, for example the diet, such as following the intake of vegetables and fruits, reducing eating food associated with fat while avoiding smoking, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight.
3- Stay away from alcoholic beverages.
4- Consulting the specialist doctor about medications that prevent and reduce colon cancer.
The Isabel Medical Center also promises you to provide medical advice and consultations. It also provides all types of colon cancer treatments with early examinations and analyzes with the latest modern and advanced technologies with distinguished medical staff following the post-recovery phase, especially the doctors present at the Isabel Medical Center distinguished with good reputation And high expertise in each of its specialties, located in Istanbul - Turkey.
Key words: colon cancer, colon cancer symptoms, colon cancer treatment, colon cancer causes.