Gland diseases surgeries

The thyroid gland is a small part located below the neck from the front side, where it forms a small butterfly shape and secretes important hormones in the body and its functions are to control the temperature of the human body, but disorders may occur that may affect the functioning of the thyroid gland and its functions. We mention the causes and treatment with diseases affecting them.

What are the tests required in thyroid diseases?
Thyroid disease examinations are performed by drawing a blood sample drawn from the patient's arm intravenously, as these tests in thyroid diseases measure the amount of hormones in the blood, as these hormones are chemicals that travel through the blood to control the body's metabolism and regulate the body's consumption For energy, which is excreted by the thyroid gland, where tests include the following:
1- Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) analysis.
2- Analysis of the free thyroxine hormone.
3- Free thyroxine triiodine hormone analysis.

Signs of thyroid disease?
1- Weight changes significantly without changing a person's habits.
2- Clear changes in the body such as:
(Dry skin, joint swelling, hair loss, itching and redness of the skin, facial swelling, swelling at the base of the neck).
3- Feeling depressed.
4- A feeling of constant fatigue.
5- Difficulty sleeping.
6- Always feeling cold or hot is always a thyroid gland disease.
7- In women, it affects the menstrual cycle.
8- A person suffering from thyroid disease factors (desire for sexual relations).
9- Changes in bowel movement and constipation or diarrhea may occur.
10- Excessive sweating of the body.

What are the reasons behind the emergence of thyroid disease?
There are many factors and reasons that may affect the activity of the thyroid gland and make a person more likely to suffer from thyroid diseases, including:
(Disease at birth, hereditary disease, affected by radiation therapy, autoimmune diseases, anemia, exaggerated reaction).

What is the treatment for thyroid disease?
In fact, after examination by specialized doctors, they determine the condition for each person, and the treatment is by replacing the activity with thyroxine, and the treatment should be taken on an empty stomach an hour before eating any meal, and attention should be paid when taking the contraceptive pill, and in consultation with the specialist doctor Continuous and permanently follow-up, and the treatment for a pregnant woman is to check her every month once.

Are there complications in thyroid disease?
In fact, complications are rare, but we will mention some of the most important ones:
(Infertility, heart problems, myxedema, psychological problems).
And here, the doctor who specializes in treating thyroid diseases may resort to surgery, which is rarely used in the treatment of thyroid diseases.

Adrenal gland diseases, but before the adrenal gland is located above every kidney in the human body and works on many important functions, including steroid hormones and aldosterone, and also called the glands above the kidney being two, and it is controlled by the pituitary gland.

There are disorders that lead to the occurrence of adrenal gland diseases:
1- Tumors (benign or cancerous) that grow in the adrenal gland.
2- inflammations.
3- Disturbances that lead to failure of hormone production.
4- Specific genetic mutations.
These disorders may lead to adrenal gland diseases, which include:
1- Addison's disease (fighting the patient's immune system with his adrenal tissue).
2- Pheochromocytoma is the development of benign tumors in the adrenal gland.
3- It is difficult and very rare, but it must be mentioned (adrenal cancer).
4- Adrenal hyperplasia at birth, which is genetic and may affect the reproductive organs in men.
5- Cushing's syndrome (an overproduction of the hormone cortisol).

What are the symptoms of adrenal gland disease?
In fact, the symptoms of adrenal gland diseases do not differ from the symptoms of thyroid diseases that we mentioned previously, but we add to them:
(Also low blood sugar and blood pressure, and nausea and vomiting).
And even to find out if there is an adrenal gland disease in conducting the tests through a blood sample drawn from the patient's arm, and as a result, the specialist doctor diagnoses the person's condition if he is infected or not.

The most important tips to stay away from adrenal gland diseases?
1- Avoid drinking stimulants a lot.
2- Relax and exercise on a daily basis.
3- A healthy diet.
4- Sleep is enough.

What are the treatments for adrenal gland diseases if they occur or a person is exposed to them?
The doctor who specializes in diseases of the adrenal gland, after conducting tests and analyzes, determines the patient's condition, and the treatment may be as follows:
The specialist doctor prescribes some hormonal replacement or radiotherapy with drugs and pills, but in some difficult cases or in the event of tumors forming, surgery is the most appropriate solution.

And finally, we will talk about the pituitary gland and pituitary diseases, as it is located in the brain inside a bony cavity and consists of an anterior and posterior lobe and is the size of a pea, and is responsible for blood pressure and growth in the body and produces hormones.

We mention among the important functions of the pituitary gland: it contributes to the growth and formation of the genital functions of both sexes (men and women), and to control the process of pregnancy and childbirth and milk secretion of breastfeeding women with control of body temperature and balance and control of blood pressure.

Symptoms of pituitary disease?
1- Lack of clarity in vision and sight.
2- Irregular or absent menstrual periods.
3- Impotence.
4- Dryness of the uterus.
5- Interruption of milk for breastfeeding women.
6- Nausea and weakness in the body.
7 - An increase in urine and blood pressure.
8- High blood sugar.
9- Sweating and fatigue.
10- Either an increase in weight or a decrease with temperature.

And from the reasons that increase the incidence of pituitary diseases?
In fact, it is similar to the previous cases in adrenal gland diseases and thyroid diseases, but here it results from a head injury, brain surgery, or pituitary gland inflammation affected by the immune system, or even with drug abuse or brain infections such as (meningitis) and finally loss Too much blood may affect and cause pituitary diseases.

What methods of treating diseases of the pituitary gland?
By taking hormonal replacement drugs such as levothyroxine, corticosteroids, testosterone drugs for men, progesterone and estrogen hormones for women, and growth hormones drugs, but the patient may be forced in the event of non-secretion and the return of the pituitary gland to its position, taking these drugs for life and finally in the event of a tumor may The specialist resort to surgery.

Finally, we mention that in diseases of the pituitary gland, adrenal gland diseases and thyroid diseases, there are common factors in the causes, symptoms, and even methods of treatment, but in the event of any of these diseases, one must go immediately to a medical center distinguished by its techniques for examination, conducting medical analyzes and diagnosing The disease and determining the methods of its treatment with a competent and reputable doctor, who has all of these qualities and medical staff following up after treatment or surgery at Isabel Medical Center located in Istanbul - Turkey.

Key words: thyroid disease, pituitary disease, adrenal gland disease.

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