Knee joint replacement

Knee joint replacement surgery:
It is one of the most popular surgeries in the field of orthopedics until it became known as the twentieth century operation because it was not known before that, and many people found in the knee joint replacement surgery the solution to the problem of knee pain and joint wear due to aging, knee trauma or wrong movements, And we know knee joint replacement surgery as a simple operation to replace or replace a worn out or injured knee joint that does not function well, with an artificial knee joint through a surgical intervention.

Is there anesthesia in knee joint replacement surgery?
Yes, there is anesthesia, as the knee joint replacement cannot be performed without resorting to local or complete anesthesia, depending on the type of operation and the patient’s condition.

When does a person need to undergo knee joint replacement surgery?
The knee joint replacement surgery is performed when the knee joint is eroded in humans, and the wear is roughness, that is, the wear of the cartilage coated material of the joint, which eliminates the cartilage work as the patient who performs the knee joint replacement surgery used to feel the friction of the knee bones, which generates very severe pain, of course This pain is the most important symptom of knee joint osteoarthritis, and before making the decision to perform a knee joint replacement, the doctor suggests several solutions and treatments to prevent the resort to surgery and joint replacement.
Knee joint replacement surgery is classified as an optional surgery, meaning that the patient has the right to participate in the decision to replace the knee after thinking about the pros and cons of knee joint replacement surgery.

What are the symptoms that suffer from osteoarthritis of the knee?
1- Severe pain resulting from bone friction due to wear of cartilage material.
2- Lack of movement.
3- Swelling in the knee.
4- Hear noises from the knee.
5- These symptoms gradually increase and increase until the patient reaches a stage in which he cannot perform his daily duties normally.

How is the transplantation process?
Initially, anesthesia is performed, and then the surgeon makes an incision along the front edge of the knee, then the surgeon removes the damaged bones on the ends of the thigh, the leg and the part under the knee cap, then the surgeon prepares the remaining bones to receive the new artificial knee joint, and the preparation is done A prosthetic knee with a gauge that completely matches the size of the original knee, and during the operation, the size is confirmed and its full agreement with the body, which ensures that no complications or errors arise in the future, and after confirming the measurement point and the size matching the size of the previous knee, the implantation is performed, where the knee joint is fixed In both the thigh and the leg, bone cement is used to stabilize the joint, and it is a substance that can be described as a medical adhesive that allows doctors to perform the operation within a limited period only, so the operation time must be set very accurately, and here the importance of an experienced medical staff appears in this The field, so think carefully before performing the operation in the place you will choose to perform it, and here we confirm that our medical team at the Isabel Center in Istanbul includes the most skilled doctors and surgeons with long experience A night in conducting this type of operation and modern medical equipment, and its cost is very low compared to many Arab and European countries, despite the superiority of the medical aspect in Turkey over the medical aspect in those countries.

What are the types of joint erosion?
1- Erosion of the primary primitive knee joint, which affects a person after the age of fifty. This type of erosion cannot be limited to a specific cause, as the causes are numerous, such as wrong sessions, lack of exercise, and lack of movement.
If the patient is under the age of fifty, then we must search for the real reason behind this erosion because it is not normal for a person under the age of fifty to contract it.
2- Erosion of the knee joint as a result of: injuries, whether sports, traffic accidents or otherwise, fractures within the joint, rupture of the cartilage, inflammation of the knee joint, "it may be an old inflammation that led to the melting of the cartilage material", a tear in the cruciate ligament, as it is possible Being due to rheumatic diseases

Cons of knee replacement surgery:
1- The operation wound is not a simple wound, it is a wound of 10 to 15 cm in length.
2- The patient is not discharged from the hospital on the same day of the operation, as the patient must stay in the hospital for one or two days until the patient is completely reassured of his health.
3- Patients are not advised to sit on the floor or pray on the floor even if the type of joint that the patient chose allows him to have a large range of movement, because there is no study that confirms that this type of movement does not affect the life span of the artificial joint.
4- The patient should not play sports that put pressure on the joint greatly, such as football and basketball.
5- As with any surgery, there are possibilities of any complications such as "infection at the site of the wound", so we sterilize the equipment in our center completely and continuously, and in the event of infections we give the patient antibiotics, and in the event of failure to respond, we may have to clean the wound.
In terms of the scientific honesty that the Isabel Center believes in, all the advantages and disadvantages of any operation must be clarified for the patient and informed of it so that he can make the appropriate decision, but it must be noted that the knee joint replacement operation is very important for people who have lost the ability to practice their normal life and suffer from severe pain to be able Return to their former self.

Advantages of knee joint replacement surgery:
1- The patient got rid of the pain he was experiencing before undergoing the joint replacement surgery.
2- The patient returns to movement normally after the reasons for his lack of movement disappear.
3- If the patient suffers from a curve in the legs, this curve can be removed during the knee joint replacement surgery.
4- The patient can walk from the next day of the knee joint replacement surgery, but this is done using the walker in the first period, then after that by using one crutch in the opposite side of the operation site, and then he can walk alone after he adapts himself to the new joint well. .

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