The posterior fossa for treating brain tumors is close to the base of the skull with a small area and includes the cerebellum and the brain stem, and a brain tumor is a mass of cells that grow abnormally inside the skull or even inside the brain.
First, we will talk about when to resort to radiation in the treatment of tumors or (the posterior fossa to treat brain tumors), where radiation therapy is an integral part of treatments with surgery and chemical doses, and here the role of radiotherapy may vary, it may be in the beginning or in the average treatment after the operation or Even at the end of treatment with chemical doses, it is customary to treat tumors in the brain with surgery by a specialized surgeon. It is surprising to you that in some cases even the specialist surgeon in the posterior fossa for treating brain tumors may not be able to completely remove the tumor, and here the specialist resorts to radiotherapy treatment Radically with a high dose of the chemical to permanently kill the tumor in the area, and when some of the tumor remains after surgery or in the event that the disease returns after the eradication, the treatment is by radiation with chemotherapy and the chemotherapy is (tablets, pills or drugs Given with rose) with radiation therapy.
Some may ask whether radiotherapy has an effective role in polyps, and if it is difficult to eradicate the disease or its presence in sensitive places in the posterior fossa for treating brain tumors, then radiation therapy is the most appropriate, where radiation is used to treat polyps in critical places.
Secondly, to you, surprisingly, in the treatment of tumors in the brain or the posterior fossa for the treatment of brain tumors, the success rate of these operations and the removal of the tumor in case it was (benign or malignant) with the presence of the great development of modern technologies in the operating rooms and the expertise of doctors and surgeons specialists and with progress Anesthesia and blood transfusion The success rate of the posterior fossa surgery for treating brain tumors reaches (95%) unless the tumor in rare cases is located in a sensitive area, and this does not mean that it cannot be treated, it will be by radiography. 50 to 60 percent of the tumor is external.
But here, specialist doctors advise any healthy person when he wakes up early from sleep for a continuous period with a headache or headache accompanied by vomiting and nausea, he should see a specialist doctor and detect early, as if there is a disease at its beginning, its treatment is very easy and simple and may not The specialist resort to surgery.
The presence of a brain tumor is a condition that is sometimes considered a mixed and complex medical condition that may not be revealed in its early stages due to the delay of symptoms and signs that grow in the cells of the brain tissue, where they are benign or malignant and there are symptoms and signs indicating the presence of a tumor in the brain We mention the most important of them:
1- Chronic headache, which is one of the most important symptoms of a brain tumor, and it intensifies in the morning hours due to sleep pressure.
2- Partial loss of vision or double vision.
3- Weakness of the body and lethargy.
4- Speech problems such as (difficulty naming things or people, or even stuttering in speech and speaking).
5- Failure to understand what the patient hears about him.
6- Psychological problems and depression.
7- Loss of hearing or hearing a constant ringing in the ear.
8- Loss of body balance (difficulty walking, especially in the dark, or leaning towards one side when walking).
Third, in the case of resorting to brain tumor surgery (the posterior fossa to treat brain tumors), it must be known that the brain is an extremely complex organ and this is what makes the surgery very sensitive and full trust must be built between the specialist doctor and the patient, and like other operations, the patient must It is under general anesthesia and the opening is the most important component of the operation, where the tumor must be accessed without affecting the parts of the brain adjacent to the tumor by incising the skin and opening the skull and then making a hole for the specialist surgeon to cut the flap to open the bone and open the dura to see the brain tissue underlying it, and When the tumor is located and viewed, a microscope and small surgical tools are inserted, and the inner part of the tumor is removed at the beginning until reaching the extremities and when the tumor is completely removed and withdrawn, care must be taken for the integrity of the brain, and then the specialist surgeon closes the dura completely and fixes The bone with other plates and the suture of the skin, and at the end of the operation, the patient may suffer from some temporary side effects such as neurological imbalances, and here comes the role of the hospital or medical center by giving him the necessary exercises and step-by-step instructions until Completion of the treatment phase completely.
What are the risk factors for a person who may have a tumor in the head?
Progress in age and stages of aging in addition to family history (genetics), or exposure to certain rays or chemicals, and it may appear to children from a young age and its symptoms are immediately clear and some call it posterior fossa syndrome here and the symptoms of the posterior fossa for treating brain tumors are the same That we have mentioned earlier.
Fourth, the postoperative stage of the posterior fossa surgery for treating brain tumors is as follows:
The specialist doctor asks the patient to stay in the medical center and lie down for a few days, depending on the case, in order to ensure the healing of the dura in addition to the muscles that cover the cerebellum and prevent leakage of fluid, and during this period the role of the nurse is to ensure the safety of the functions of the legs and arms. And the continuation of special exercise exercises to ensure the health of the patient's condition, and the patient is prohibited from lifting any heavy objects or bending during the first few weeks for a period of not less than two months, and the patient may require some physical therapy to strengthen his muscles and help him to balance in walking and when Going home, the patient must be in constant contact with the doctor and adhere to the treatment plan developed for him and in the event that he has a headache or any other symptoms
And to you, the surprise is that the Isabel Medical Center located in Istanbul - Turkey, with the development of modern technologies in it and used in operating rooms and the presence of doctors and specialist surgeons, the process of congenital fossa for treating brain tumors has become one of the treatments and easy operations in addition to the presence of a medical nursing staff following what After the operation and the continuation of the treatment until a full and complete recovery, and as we have been in the Isabel Medical Center to provide advice and medical treatments, we offer all surgical and special procedures in the posterior hole for the treatment of brain tumors.
Key words: posterior fossa for treatment of brain tumors.