Herniated disc in the lower back, what is it?
Back pain has become a common disease, especially in the modern era, as a result of the "lifestyle" or what is known as the modern lifestyle. Often a person spends long hours driving a car, or in front of computers at work, or even using smartphones, which does not leave a person. These factors led to the emergence of herniated disc disease, or what is known today as disc back as a result of the wrong and long sessions, and this pathology is the most common problem among spine and orthopedic doctors.
The spine consists of multiple vertebrae, linked together through cartilage, that is, cartilage connects the vertebrae and provides flexibility in movement and stability to the spine, cartilage consists of strong and circular loops and contains gelatinous material, and any wear or separation in these rings leads Because the gel leaks out of the cartilage, and if this gel comes out towards the nerves, this gel will compress the nerves, causing the problem of herniated disc.
As the nerves located at the end of the spine go to the lower extremities, and if we assume that the gel material leaked into one of the lower cartilages from the right side and with a large amount, this means that it will put pressure on the nerves heading to the right foot, which will generate severe pain in the right foot. If the amount of gel leaking out is low, this will cause minor pain or numbness.
Types of herniated disc:
1- Lumbar herniated disc, which is the same as a herniated disc in the lower back, which is the most common.
2- Cervical herniated disc.
3- Dorsal herniated disc.
What are the symptoms of a herniated disc in the lower back?
A person can find out if he suffers from costochondritis if the following symptoms are present:
1- Having pain in the lower back that extends to the bottom of the foot.
2- Problems with urination.
3- Weakness in movement and limbs.
These are the most important symptoms of a herniated disc, and if you notice them, you should go to your doctor for examinations and an accurate diagnosis.
Diagnosis of a herniated disc in the lower back using MRI:
The magnetic resonance technology allows doctors to view the spine, vertebrae, cartilage, and nerves with complete clarity, and therefore it is one of the most important methods of detecting cases of herniated disc, and through this viewing the problem is revealed, its level, and its exact location on any cartilage
Treatment of a herniated disc in the lower back:
90% of herniated disc cases are treated by conservative treatment, ie the patient is given a number of drugs and muscle relaxant or the patient is subjected to physical therapy, but in the event that conservative treatment fails, we go to laparoscopic surgery.
Treatment of a herniated disc in the lower back by laparoscopic surgery:
Only 10% of herniated disc patients resort to this type of surgery, as pharmacological and physical treatments could not help the patient to overcome the pain and his problems, but the patient's case may reach pain for continuous days, and it is done in the laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of a herniated disc in the lower back, opening An incision of 1 - 1.5 cm in the skin in the area of the slipped cartilage, accessing it through the muscles "without cutting", and then removing it.
Treatment of a herniated disc in the lower back by microscope and vertebral supports:
It is the latest type of surgery, and it gives very positive results in the treatment of a herniated disc in the lower back, as it gives surgeons wider options in treating the affected area, such as expanding the neural canal and clearing nerve outlets, as it gives a larger field of vision, but choosing the type of surgery is not due to The patient's desire is an accurate decision that depends on the doctor in the first place.
After the herniated disc:
After undergoing a herniated disc in the lower back, the patient can return to his normal life from the day after the operation, and the patient is given a leave of 10 days or two weeks, depending on his condition, until he is fully recovered.
The herniated disc operation in Turkey:
Isabel Medical Center in Istanbul offers treatment of all types of herniated disc, whether it is a lumbar herniated disc, cervical herniated disc or dorsal herniated disc, and we have expanded in this research to explain the details of the lumbar herniated disc because it is the most widespread and there are old treatment methods used. In the treatment of this disease, but we did not mention it because it is no longer used in modern medicine, and we must point out at the end of this research that the herniated disc process is a very accurate process and any medical error in it may lead to catastrophic results, God forbid, given its connection with nerves greatly. Therefore, we advise you to choose the most appropriate destination to perform this type of operation, and our center in Turkey has doctors with high experience and a long history in treating these conditions in addition to the availability of the latest medical devices and equipment used in the treatment of a herniated disc.
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